Post 183 ⇒ by Gautam Shah →
ISO began its work primarily with the formation of standards for measurements, such as: specifications for writing and coordinating measures. The Standards for Measurements offered a universal approach for measurement systems. Subsequently ISO began to evolve International Standards for Products, Services, Processes, etc.
In all human endeavours, each citizen (or a being) is considered a stack holder. So one has to be conscious and conscientious of all our actions. It was accepted that for a consistent and all-inclusive care, an attitude at personal level, and a culture at organizational level is necessary. This can only be achieved if a person or the organization strives for continued excellence, and develop a synergetic system to achieve it. Many individuals and organizations have such ingrained mechanisms, but, often, these are not comparable in terms of their intentions or effectiveness.
Small organizations may not have any official system as it is owner driven, running things in ‘own-way’. Large organizations, however, need set procedures, documentation and some degree of transparency. ISO management systems help achieve these objectives in a manner that is common across industries and other organizations and consistent across the world.
In the last two decades ISO has concerned itself with Quality, Safety, Security, Environment, Food, Health, etc. These standards refer to what an organization must do to manage its processes or activities. Some Management Standards have been formed and published for implementation, whereas a large number of them are in formative process and will appear soon.
- This is not a complete list of ISO management standards. The standards are listed in order of their number, which does not reflect their order of formation or year of publication.
- ISO 18000 OHSMS Standard on Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems, ISO 20000 IT Service Management, ISO 20121 – Sustainable events , ISO 22000 Food safety Standards, ISO 24000 Security and Continuity Management Standards, ISO 26000 Social Responsibility, ISO/IEC 27000 Information Security, ISO 31000 Risk Management Standard, ISO 50000 series is for Energy Management Standards, ISO 55000 Asset Management Standard, etc.
- All ISO management standards have the same structure and contain many of the same terms and definitions, which makes their adoption easier.
ISO Management standards are broadly of TWO classes. Generic Standards mean that these can be applied to any organization such as business enterprise, public project, administration or government department, whatever the product or service may be. Other Management Standards are Sector specific Standards.
ISO Management standards can also be categorized as Certifiable Standards and Requirement Standards. An organization may get a conformity Certification by a recognized agency after an audit process as specified in such a series of standards. ISO 9000, ISO 14000, ISO 18000 and ISO 22000 are management standards that allow certification. There are several other Management Standards that have no certification process, and so-called Requirement Standards. The Requirements standards, only provide guidance for implementing a management system (such as ISO 26000 and ISO 31000).
- Conformity assessment involves a set of processes that show the product, service or system confirms to the specified requirements. The conformity assessment process has a several advantages. It gives the company or organization a competitive edge and prestige while assuring the consumers and other interested parties. The main forms of conformity assessment are testing, certification, and inspection. ISO has produced standards to help make conformity assessment activities consistently uniform across industries of the world.