SINGLE MATERIAL OBJECTS

Post 184 ⇒   by Gautam Shah 

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We endeavour to create Single Material Objects. Objects made of single material, whether natural or man-made, have inherent efficiencies. We try to achieve the state of a single material efficiency by integrating or by synthesizing different components.

  • A window consists of a structural frame, shutters, glazing system, mosquito-nets, curtains, weather-sheds, etc. It would be ideal if one integrated system, made up of a single material were to serve all the purposes.

    Window -a multi component system

    Window -a multi component system

  • Similarly a roof is made of the structural slab, outer side water proofing coat, insulation, and floor finishes, and under side plaster, an acoustic ceiling, etc. It would be very efficient to have one material serving all these functions.
    Roof - multi layer

    Roof – multi layer

    Elements of a Roof System

    Elements of a Roof System

  • A partition is designed to divide a space in terms of visual privacy, safety, stability, sound proofing, fire proofing, heat insulation, provisions for apertures and services, etc. The partitions as a result consist of a structural system and various layers, each designed for specific need. The partition is further coloured and textured for use requirements. The structural elements, layers and the surface treatments can be replaced by a single material-object system. Composite panels for partitioning, is a first attempt in integrating various sub systems.

    Multi-component partition system

    Multi-component partition system

A single material system capable of serving many different purposes is not easy to devise. Such an event takes years of effort. However, human ingenuity out-paces such attempts, by inventing superior but totally a different entity, for the given situation. The superiority of a newly invented entity may not be due to the unitary structure or the multi purposiveness of the material, but for its multiplex system of simpler and lesser number of elements.

An automobile, a computer or a building, is formed of as many parts, as they consist of different materials. If one can reduce the number of parts, automatically the number of materials used, will come down. If a conscious attempt is made to reduce, the number materials used, then there will be reduction in number of components.

At any cross section of time, we find a large number of materials systems either are overtly attached to other objects, or are in the process of being integrated with them. It is very desirable that an object system in such a situation, be singular in constitution or at least be effective in that manner. Designers aspire to provide a singular object system in place of a multi-component system. In designers’ world, however, there are very few situations where singular object system can satisfy all the demands in a particular time-space profile. Multi-component surface systems are reality.

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