Post 194 ⇒ by Gautam Shah →
INTERIOR CLIMATE of a BUILDING
A building’s interior climate is perceived for the actual inhabitants of the space. The users have personal likes and dislikes about the environment. Users have different levels of acclimatization. But most important of all, the inhabitants age over a period of time. Unlike a building, these factors are changeable, so when buildings as structures can be designed to be more or less static entities, the interiors must remain ever transient and adoptive. The interior facilities, amenities and the systems, parts, components, materials, are conceived to be replaceable or capable of adjusting to the varied demands.
Inhabitants inhabit a building by carrying out activities, for duration, in an appropriate location, and with the help of distinctive tools or amenities. They have a unique adoptive capacity. Their acclimatization, psychological and physical states take time to get formatted, and as a result, the inhabitants need adjustive facilities to continuously modulate their living style.
An interior climate is substantially ‘place’ and ‘time’ dependent. The place, its location within the building shell, orientation, quality of structure and nature of abutting internal surrounding elements, all collectively define the quality of interior climate environment. The time element determines the scheduling and placement of activities that take place in the building shell. It influences the activities to occur simultaneously in different places or sequentially in the same place. We take advantage of the natural resources by time scheduling and orienting the activities.
Time scheduling is very important for efficient inhabitation of a building. Timings of our activities are also dependent on the biological cycles of the body. Orientation is closely linked to the gravity, and the sense of right, left, front, back. Schedules and locations of all activities need some adjustments, as one solution never works for all days of the year.
The interior climate of a building is considered in the context of its inhabitants, their occupation or habitation style. Activities are planned depending on the participants’ age, sex, liking, choices, partners, the availability of amenities, etc.
Amenities support the inhabitation of a building. Activities are preferably anchored to a location, if they require acutely modulated spaces, complex or large size amenities, and run for substantial duration of time. Demountable and relocatable amenities, however, provide a freedom to modulate the living style varying needs of inhabitants and their visitors, over a very long period of living.
An interior climate begins to be relevant only after occupation of a building. More often than not building designers and architects have a very generalized view of the likely user. In many circumstances, the buildings outlast the original user-client, and continuously see change of users. Architects or building designers also have to offer climatic solutions within the overall style or the regimen of the building. They sometimes override the activity specific climatic requirements and orientation specific siting of activities. Where such adjustments are minor, a lay person can accommodate own-self, by appropriate improvisation. Complex situations or rigid designs however force inhabitants (or their Interior designers) to modulate the building shell from inside.