Post 222 – by Gautam Shah
We, express about things, ideas, dreams, experiences and concepts to communicate or record. There are many different modes of expressions: gestures, natural sounds, articulated sounds like utterances, music, written and drawn presentations, modelling, etc. The expression could be very personal with no one else being aware of it, or open for a select few or wide audience. We also state, list enumerate facts by sequencing their occurrence, consequences, importance. rationale and relevance. At third level we form Narratives. Such writings extensively use time to delineate the spaces and also use the changes in spaces to mark the time. Narratives need not be sequential, but must complete the iteration, that is start or end must relate to the end or start. A good narrative emerges, when the vocabulary and language construction remain under the bar 12th Standard. At further level, we use writing for personal communication. These are expressions where ‘all things are not said but the relationship bridges the gaps’.
Expression is a creative activity, where the present, past or future, all transcend from one to the other. An expression could be a re-enactment of the happening for recollection here and now (Past to present); for recording onto a media, to be accessed in another time, space, context, and by different persons (Present to future); or imagining and establishing bridges to experiences (Future to past).
Most expressions, other than personal recollections are designed for the audience and their capacity to perceive. Expression originators have some innate knowledge about the audience. An expression originator, along with the expression content also provide clues and reinforcements to reach out to the audience.
The expression is meant to secure believers or sympathizers and occasionally even antagonists. On the other side audiences comprehend the information to empathize, seek knowledge, form opinions and gain something from the experiences of the author. Some expressions are perceived and assessed for the presentation modalities, style or format. As an effective communicator the expression must offer some provocative information, to satisfy, inspire or instigate the audience.This is done in several ways. Where subject matter is self-evident, the tendency is to present the components in the order of the sequence of occurrence. This method of presentation, however, sometimes fails to establish a root with the late comers. A reverse strategy is applied where the end or result is presented first, and then the beginning is traced. For written expressions, a person can scan a document, to see if there is any thing of relevance. Presentations start at simpler and universal level, establish a bridge with the audience, and proceed to complex matter, always succeed.
The expression styles are:
- Narration: telling a story in time sequence,
- Description: relating to what you see, hear, taste, feel, and smell,
- Rhythmic: Using beats, rhymes, repeats, and associations,
- Process or Recipe: describing a sequence of steps necessary for a process,
- Definition: illustrating the meaning of certain words, ideas or constructing a concept, ideology or theory,
- Division and Classification: grouping ideas, objects, or events into categories,
- Compare, Contrast and Evaluations: finding similarities and/or differences between topics,
- Analogy and simulation: making a comparison between two topics that initially seem unrelated, Simulation involves using various sensorial effects for reinforcement,
- Cause and Effect: explaining why something happened, or the influence of one event upon another.
The expression style (like detective or crime novels) could be where: 1. Events are constructed leading to revelation of the end, 2. Ends are exposed, followed with the explanation of the process, 3. Process and Leads to the end, are presented alternatively.
All expressions, whether for record or communication, to be effective are focussed to a theme, and everything beyond that is excluded.
All presentations must be simple and clear, with minimum of additional information. For a communication to be successful it must be designed for the audience. A very technical ‘writing’ limits the class of audience, whereas trivial contents though provide a wider audience, are prone to unintended interpretations (de-constructionist).