Post 505 –by Gautam Shah
A standard is a requirement by tradition, acceptance, confirmation or law for certain type of practices, behaviour or compulsions. Standards are relevant for specific time and space context, after which they become abhorrent and ignored or are redefined.
A standard could be an informal understanding or a document. As document, it explains the circumstances of its need, how it can be adhered to and, what are the consequences of compliance or noncompliance. Standards relate to practices or processes, material inputs for it, services, energy consumption, quality of deliverable and other byproducts. It relates to human and environmental affectations. New standards define the stack holders for any engagement, degree of transparency and norms for accountability.
Standards are widely accepted or agreed upon means for what a thing, happening or service should be. Standards include details about sizes, relationships, proportions, in their own and relative to the user, perceiver, etc. It details quality parameters and modalities of using and storing, and processing of materials, objects and structures. It concerns about interests of all stack-holders. It links with other standards to form an all-inclusive definition of creations, natural things and environment. It offers a common set of meanings, terms used in standards and provides common ways of interpretations. It sometimes offers ways of arrangements for implementing or enforcing, and the management through continued observance, redefinition, corrections, for whatever that is being documented.
Standards emerge as the most widely acceptable strategy, set through specifications. Standards generate a controlled response. Standards relate to specifications for making, maintaining, using and disposing objects, and mechanics of creation, handling, operations and management. Standards emerge from empathy or as a strategic understanding between two or more persons. Standards’ formation is a raison d’être for (reason for being) members of clan or society. Governments gain political power and patronage by administering standards. Regional blocks and International communities achieve efficiency by preventing conflict and duplication of effort through standards. Standards, very effectively and economically raise the levels of quality, safety, reliability, efficiency and commutability. Standards are negatively used to reduce competition, for promoting few things, controlling the invention, or formation of new or different knowledge.
LEVELS OF RELEVANCE
Standards are expected to achieve predictable results, by voluntary concurrence, obligation, or through enforcement. Standards are very powerful means to cause a change or even maintain status quo. The nature of Application of Standards takes many different forms with varying levels of credibility. Acceptance of standards if voluntary ensues a social respect or some form of elite status. The enforcement also may occur with social boycott, penalty or punishment.