Post 567 –by Gautam Shah
All beings show prime behaviour towards possession of space for inhabitation. Inhabitation is instinctive as well as learned behaviour for survival and proliferation. The sequence leading to inhabitation begins as realization, possession and occupation of a space. This is simply a territorial spread, which when delineated for its extent becomes a personal place in the universe.
Inhabitation establishes a Role Locus (a stage or setting). Animals do such branding with urine, excreta or enzymes (odours), Primitive people have done it by leaving traces of occupation, such as the ashes of the extinguished fire, engraving on a tree trunk, stacking few stones or marking the land. The territorial spread is marked by fencing, posts, scoring corners, clearing the vegetation or making changes over the landscape. The branding and delineation often occur simultaneously. The place-identity could be for the individual (or family), community or group. The space possession could be cursory, experimental, notional and transient, till full potential of size, shape, environmental qualities and sensorial characteristics are realized over several visits.
A place has three essential qualities, A location value, as seen in the connections that reflect the proximity and convergence of other places or neighbourhoods. The location features like dimensions, orientations, environment, terrestrial character, amenities and facilities. It also includes associations that personalize the space, such as history, neighbours, precincts, etc. The potential for improvisation is due to the preexisting conditions. The space, environmental features, components and neighbours, all make an inhabitable entity.
The spatial features once developed in a place create place attachment. The place attachment is due to the effort and rarity of opportunity. It soon turns into pride, awe, prestige, discipline, belief, fear, and legacy of personal values, attitudes, feelings and beliefs. A place of inhabitation has neighbours, no matter how few, and far apart. Possession and occupation of the place, immediately offers some degree of social reactivity. One may not have any physical contact with anyone, and it may be just empathetic recognition. The social reactivity regulates the nature of interaction with others, privacy, degree of accessibility or isolation, as reflected in aloofness, loneliness, alienation, participation, leadership, devotion, cohabitation, etc.
“Inhabitation is a continuous process of improvising the means and methods for living. It involves, forming a space (a built form) with environmental responses, rendering it with required sensorial attributes, provisioning for the functional needs of living. The living includes personal acts like grooming, eating, resting, etc., living with others (including family life), communication, earning a livelihood, and other diversionary activities like revelry, grief, etc.”
The realm with a spatial organization has an implicit environment. The realm comes into being with functional facilities such as tools, gadgets, equipments, etc. The realm is further personalized by ‘enrichments’. The space-form, environment, functional facilities and enrichments all together create a space for inhabitation.
“As a person, lives and creates memories within a place, attachment is built and it is through one’s personal connection to a place, that he or she gains a sense of belonging and purpose, which then gives significance and meaning to their life”.
“There is reciprocal interaction between people and their physical environment; people affect places, and places (and the way places are affected) influence how people see themselves”.
This post forms 2 of the Sixteen part of Lecture series on Behaviour in Space that I will be offering for the spring semester starting Jan 2016 (to mid April2016) at School of Interior Design, Faculty of Design, CEPT University, Ahmedabad, India.