RATIONALIZING DEMANDS for OBJECTS and their SURFACE SYSTEMS

Post 640 –by Gautam Shah

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Objects and Surfaces have their demands, which must be tackled before one can use them. Objects are used for their dimensional features, mass, form, engineering attributes, and other consecrations like cost, availability, ecology, etc. whereas the surfaces are used for sensorial purposes. Objects and Surfaces are rationalized to prepare them for technical use, handling, environment and assembly.

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Stone Wall > Pixabay Image by GregMontani Bayern

We do so by matching the requirements with readily available lots. However, we need to prepare, process or manufacture the objects or surfaces through several conversions. The processes of rationalizing, though begin with the object-modification, may eventually include changing the environment. Changing the environment immediately can bear upon a very vast field of actions. Like the old fable, for the king it is more efficient to cover own feet with leather shoes than layer streets of town, to protect from dirt’. ‘Similarly one may open the umbrella during the rain and not at other times’. It is more efficient to deal with the environment in space and time.

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The Parthenon -West side Weathering and usage > Wikipedia image by Yair Haklai

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Positional or differential weathering > Keshav Temple in Somanthpuram India  > Wikipedia image by Hemanth M Y

The time and effort expended in modifying the entity or its environment, is not very efficient. It is often more effective to compose a new entity (functionally, technologically and economically), than expend too much effort in improvising it. It is better to buy a new razor blade with a sharp edge, than polish the blunt one, or join a bone mechanically, than allow passage of time to do so.

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Tennis Balls – Multi material objects > Pexels image by freeimages9.com

Objects and the surface systems, if of single material, the operative demands are simpler, but if composed of many materials (similar or dissimilar), have complex and often in-specifiable demands. It is ideal to reform the object entity by integrating its surface systems with it. Where such one-to-one integration is not possible, the object entity and its surface system both may be individually refashioned to become each a single material entity.

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Diverse and Multi layered treatment of windows > Pexels image by Unsplash.com

A surface system can be facilitated by delaying or curtailing the effects of environment, for the functional period of the entity. Environmental effects are from specific orientation and for duration, and so a surface systems can be designed to be selectively local or dynamic. Liquids and gases have no stable object boundary, so must be contained, and for such material phases the container becomes the apparent surface system.

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Nuclear waste Storage > Wikipedia image by Bill Ebbesen

Ordinarily surface finishes are fashioned, only after the object and its relevant environment have been conceived. But sometimes an object could be so hazardous that until a really workable surface system is designed, the object cannot be allowed to exist or function. Similarly an environment could be so harmful that till an appropriate finish system is devised the object cannot exist, much less function in it.

The environment influences objects in such a complex way, that any search for logic is sometimes impossible. This is the reason why many surface makers seem to work with their intuitive faculties. To some people, ‘providing a surface system is an art or craft, rather than a scientific discipline’.

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Car assembly and finishing is a single process > Pexels image by Mike

At any cross section of time, we find a large number of surface systems are overtly attached to the object or in the process of being integrated to the entity-base. It is very necessary that a surface system in such a situation, be singular in constitution or at least be effective in that manner. Finish makers aspire to provide a singular surface system in place of a multi-component system. However, in a finish maker’s world there are very few situations where singular surface system can satisfy all the demands. Multi-component surface systems are reality.

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Installation of base for MUGA tennis court > Flickr image > credits > http://www.softsurfaces.co.uk

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SINGLE MATERIAL OBJECTS

Post 184 ⇒   by Gautam Shah 

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We endeavour to create Single Material Objects. Objects made of single material, whether natural or man-made, have inherent efficiencies. We try to achieve the state of a single material efficiency by integrating or by synthesizing different components.

  • A window consists of a structural frame, shutters, glazing system, mosquito-nets, curtains, weather-sheds, etc. It would be ideal if one integrated system, made up of a single material were to serve all the purposes.

    Window -a multi component system

    Window -a multi component system

  • Similarly a roof is made of the structural slab, outer side water proofing coat, insulation, and floor finishes, and under side plaster, an acoustic ceiling, etc. It would be very efficient to have one material serving all these functions.
    Roof - multi layer

    Roof – multi layer

    Elements of a Roof System

    Elements of a Roof System

  • A partition is designed to divide a space in terms of visual privacy, safety, stability, sound proofing, fire proofing, heat insulation, provisions for apertures and services, etc. The partitions as a result consist of a structural system and various layers, each designed for specific need. The partition is further coloured and textured for use requirements. The structural elements, layers and the surface treatments can be replaced by a single material-object system. Composite panels for partitioning, is a first attempt in integrating various sub systems.

    Multi-component partition system

    Multi-component partition system

A single material system capable of serving many different purposes is not easy to devise. Such an event takes years of effort. However, human ingenuity out-paces such attempts, by inventing superior but totally a different entity, for the given situation. The superiority of a newly invented entity may not be due to the unitary structure or the multi purposiveness of the material, but for its multiplex system of simpler and lesser number of elements.

An automobile, a computer or a building, is formed of as many parts, as they consist of different materials. If one can reduce the number of parts, automatically the number of materials used, will come down. If a conscious attempt is made to reduce, the number materials used, then there will be reduction in number of components.

At any cross section of time, we find a large number of materials systems either are overtly attached to other objects, or are in the process of being integrated with them. It is very desirable that an object system in such a situation, be singular in constitution or at least be effective in that manner. Designers aspire to provide a singular object system in place of a multi-component system. In designers’ world, however, there are very few situations where singular object system can satisfy all the demands in a particular time-space profile. Multi-component surface systems are reality.

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