MAINTENANCE versus REPAIRS of Buildings

MAINTENANCE versus REPAIRS of Buildings

Post 363 ⇒   by Gautam Shah 

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To maintain a building means, in literal sense is, `to preserve from loss or deterioration‘. Maintenance is the act of maintaining, supporting, preserving, continuing, and defending. A Repair means, to mend, to restore, to revitalize, restoration after injury or decay, reinstatement of loss. Maintenance is preventive in nature, compared to Repair which is a corrective action.

Well -Baoli Ghaus Ali Shah, Farrukhnagar

Buildings with adequate or timely maintenance require lesser repairs in extent and frequency. Unrepaired buildings decrease the efficiency of maintenance. Maintenance is not designed to change the building.

B.S.3811 (1964) defines maintenance as: ‘A combination of any actions carried out to retain an item in, or restore it to an acceptable condition’.

To retain

–preventive maintenance

To restore

–corrective maintenance

Acceptable condition

–to the person paying for the world

–to the person receiving the benefit

–to someone outside enforcing minimum standards

–to society in general.

Mud plaster requires frequent maintenance

Maintenance techniques are employed for two ends: Improvement: superior to the original design standards, and Restoration: equal to the original design standards. Where the design requirements are stated in the form of parameters or specifications of performance, these could be used for establishing the maintenance standards. Performance requirements need to be incorporated in the maintenance manual concurrently with other explanatory details about the building and its services.

Taj-ul-Masjid Gates Bhopal Madhya Pradesh India

Planned maintenance is an organized effort carried out with forethought, and control. It is to be conducted regularly but must accompany all major changes in the building. As a forethought out action it is apparently well documented.

Preventive maintenance is carried out at predetermined intervals of time or use cycles. It is also initiated by professionals, as soon as minor decadence is noticed.

Minor repairs with regular maintenance

Running maintenance occur on regular or continuing basis, in the form of running a plant, or as a service for a running system. These take the form of nominal activities like cleaning, waste disposal, oiling, fuelling, cooling, warming, etc.

Thatched roof maintenance

Buildings, consist of both, physical and metaphysical things. Maintenance means continuing the physical entities, by removing decay causing elements including replacing the warned parts and components. Metaphysical things like image, tradition, fashion, etc. are maintained by adopting incorporeal or pseudo means. In a building, the maintenance strategies of realist and absurdist nature operate concurrently.

Elgin Cathedral choir wall -need for repairs, maintenance and conservation

Actuators for maintenance are both, internal and external to the building. Externally the climate has the greatest effect, though varying in severity according to the orientation and location of the building. Internally the user and activities affect the building. The actuators of these effects are also mutually dependent. Changing life styles, living standards and economics affect the nature of maintenance. Buildings where quality of space determines the efficiency of work activities, and which in turn scales the economic returns, are well maintained.

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REPAIRS to BUILDINGS

Post 191 ⇒   by Gautam Shah 

Building Repairs

Repairs to a building mean, to mend, to restore, to revitalize, restoration after injury or decay, reinstatement of loss. Repairs are corrective actions compared, to maintenance, which are preventive in nature.

Kolkata India

Kolkata India

Buildings with adequate or timely maintenance require lesser repairs in extent and frequency. Efficient maintenance is not possible in un-repaired or poorly repaired buildings. Minor or localized repairs are not noticeable, but major and extensive repairs renovate a building. Similarly frequently or extensively repaired buildings get completely altered.

Repairs, in most cases are based on compulsions and convenience. Repairs are series of ad-hoc and non related compromises between the immediate physical needs of the building and the availability of finance. Repairs are often carried out as a sequel to the maintenance work. Buildings present a decayed look, when repairs and maintenance are infrequent or inadequate.

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Building as a system is an assembly with varying level of integrity. In building many components are replaceable, while others, though replaceable, may disturb the equilibrium of the shell and have catastrophic consequences. Repairs are made to replace parts of sub-components. Buildings designed as ‘open end systems’ are easier to repair, compared to ‘closed ended systems’ or very ‘tightly’ designed entities. For repairs it is necessary to procure parts and components from open market or original system suppliers. In the first instance, the parts have to be very basic and universal to persist for several generations, whereas in the second case the original supplier, invariably a proprietary entity, has no commercial interest to meet a demand as long as a building last.

Question of Repairs or replacement

Question of Repairs or replacement

Repairs require materials and techniques used in the original creations. Repairs which usually occur very much later are done with equivalent materials and techniques. These later materials not only function, but age differently.

In case of historical buildings, the repairs are required more for correction of deterioration caused by forces of nature, rather over-use of the premises. Repairs in historical buildings are done as a strategy of conservation, carefully preserving and continuing the original character.

Self Help repairs

Self Help repairs

Buildings are repaired, if only there is place validity of its purpose and a time relevance of its life. The repairs depend on the location and purpose and quality of the shell or structure. Buildings where quality of space determines the efficiency of work activities, and which in turn scales the economic returns, are well repaired. But as soon as the work-activities become dysfunctional or economic returns taper off, a decision has to be taken whether to demolish the building and replace it with new one, or to maintain it through repairs. Sentimental values associated with buildings also determine the scale of repairs.

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