SPACE PERCEPTION – Issues for Design -4

Post 607 by Gautam Shah 

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Faculties of Perceptions > Wikipedia image by Abellman

Perception is becoming aware of Objects and Environment. A person has natural or nominal capacities for sensorial perception. The sensorial faculties, though vary from person to person, and also depend on many other factors such as age, sex, moods, past experiences, sequences of happenings, motivation, learning capacity. The capacities are improved by various means of reach such as spectacles, hearing aids, insulators. The perception is also regulated by conversion processes, which diffuse, hasten, or delay through condensation, compression, enlargements, focussing, differentiation, etc. Perception of Objects in a space occurs as a sequence of events, where each segment is affected by the varying environment and the position of the perceiver.

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Algerian Nomads habitat > Wikipedia + Flickr image by Tonton Jaja

The word Perception derives from Latin perceptiō (a receiving or collecting, taking cognizance of, intuitive or direct recognition of some innate quality, obtain, gather, seize entirely, take possession of, to grasp with the mind, learn, comprehend).

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Shutting off the vision > Wikipedia image by davric

Perception occurs as congregation of several effects, and mutually compensative processes. We may not be able to isolate few parts of it. As for example, Smell and Taste often occur together. The sensory nodes have FIVE important characteristics that they have specific Location, Capacity and Multiplicity and the Duration.

● The Locations of the sensorial nodes provide information about the directionality, and encourages discrimination.

● The Capacity of the perceptive nodes is range bound which permit selections while providing comfort, sense of survival. Beyond the range bound capacity of the perception faculty, the perception process gets transmitted to other modes allowing different facilitation.

● The Multiplicity of nodes gives a sense of scale and referential positions.

● The Duration of perception gives a temporal scale. In other words The Location, Body capacities, Multiplicity and duration, all together and individually endow a Geo-Spatial identity.

● There are abnormal sensorial perceptions also. These arise from the Location related misinterpretations, Physiological deficiencies, differentiated perception of multiple nodes and time related intensifications and diffusions.

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Realization – Cognition > Wikipedia image

The process of cognition reveals how the environment is formatted, organized and represented in time and space. Environment helps in identification, and interpretation of the space, and so gives a measure to it. The measures are perceived because we have different types nodes of perception, where some have multiple and directional locations. The nodes also have a range bound capacity, beyond and under which the reception gets transferred to other systems, or ceases to be operative. With these operants’ one gets a sense of scale, size, gradations like concentration and diffusion, framing, juxtaposing, referencing, linkages, details and orientation.

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The Singing Tree (Burnley Panopticon) > a wind powered sound installation at Lancashire England > Wikipedia image by Childzy

Perception nominally means sensorial cognition, but could also be realization through other means. An understanding of a situation, acceptance or confirmation, are also part of the process of perception. There are some realizations that may not be attributed to sensorial nodes. Such non sensorial cognition makes us aware of orientations such as North, East, West, South, Up, Down, Front, Back, movements, acceleration-deceleration, energy flows, gravity, etc. There are other realizations that do not relate to physical perceptions, but are sometimes attributed to psychical experiences. These include empathy, sympathy, links or relationships between two objects and organisms, acknowledgement, familiarity, recollection of past events, fore-sightings, future purposes or utilities of objects and situations, orders in complex situations, hierarchies in multiple entities, etc. Cognition also involves forming expectations, directing the attention, learning and memory retention. At some level cognition is recognizing a thought, intuition, deduction, etc.

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Immersion into Virtual reality is a perception of being physically present in a nonphysical world > Wikipedia image

Objects are positioned in the Space, where the Environment manifests as a happening, marking the Time. In this sense a space and time form a matrix of relationship, and perception is becoming aware of such a matrix. Space perception is about recognizing the extent, gaining knowledge and schematising for means for sustaining the occupation. Perception is also regarded as ‘the modification of anticipation’ because some disequilibrium between expectation and stimulus. Designers create spaces that are anticipated, but with elements that are off the expectations. There are continuous process between perception and cognition (knowledge) that defines our expectations and fulfillment. It distinguishes, hypothesizes, bridges and replaces the voids.

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ART by Paolo Uccello (1397-1475) Innovative use of a geometric algorithm incorporating linear perspective in painting where broken lances run along perspective lines

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This is 4th article of 20 topics series on ISSUES for DESIGN

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PROCESS of PERCEPTION

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Sensorial perception is finite, as limited by our body capacities. Body capacities vary from person to person and also depending on many other personal factors such as age, sex, moods, past experiences, sequences of happenings, etc.Perception is cumulative and to an extent mutually compensative process. It also occurs as congregation of several effects. We may not be able to isolate few parts of it. As for example, Smell and Taste often occur together.

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Van Gogh

The sensory nodes have FOUR important characteristics that they have specific Location, Capacity and Multiplicity and the Duration. The Locations of the sensorial nodes provide information about the directionality, and encourages discrimination. The Capacity of the perceptive nodes is range bound which permit selections while providing comfort, sense of survival. Beyond the range bound capacity of the perception faculty, the perception process gets transmitted to other modes allowing a different facilitation. The Multiplicity of nodes gives a sense of scale and referential e positions. The Duration gives a temporal scale. In other words The Location, Body capacities, Multiplicity and duration, all together and individually endow a Geo-Spatial identity.

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There are abnormal sensorial perceptions also. These arise from the Location related misinterpretations, Physiological deficiencies, differentiated perception of multiple nodes and time related intensifications and diffusions.

Perception of a space happens in an environment where both the space and perceiver exist. Perception of space is also becoming aware of the environment, organisms and objects. Perception nominally means sensorial recognition, but could also be realization through other means. Understanding of a situation, acceptance or confirmation is also part of the process of perception.

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The causative factors of the environment manifest as a change in the space. We perceive the changes through the sensory nodes of the body. For a given event in the environment, thousands nerve impulses are generated and conducted to the central nervous system. Since these impulses travel along a path where many different nerve fibres pass at slightly different times, they form a pattern of input to the central nervous system. No matter how finely tuned, our sense organs are we cannot pay equal attention to all the stimulation at the same time. This is the basis of our sensory experience of the event. Sensory qualities are generally comprehensible on the basis of mechanisms within the receptor organ, whereas realization of object and event perception entails higher activity of the brain.

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PROCESS of PERCEPTION part-I

Post –by Gautam Shah

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To perceive is to experience, accept, acknowledge or behold objects and happenings before us. Perception nominally means sensorial recognition, but could also be realization through other means. An understanding of a situation, acceptance or confirmation is also part of the process of perception.

The_Senses

Generally we consider Vision (ophthalmoception), Hearing (audioception), Taste, (gustaoception), Smell (olfacception), and Touch (tactioception), as the five traditionally recognized senses. But in reality there are nearly ten senses. In addition to touch the skin can perceive Warmth and Cold (thermoception), and ‘feel’ the Pain (nociception). Sense organs in the muscles, tendons and joints tell us about the position of our limbs and the state of tension in the muscles, providing sense of kinesthetic or proprioception, balance or equilibrioception, and acceleration or kinesthesioception.

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Each sensorial system is a kind of a channel, consisting of a sensitive element -the receptor, nerves fibres leading from this receptor to the brain or spinal cord, and the various relay stations and processing areas within the brain. What exactly a sense is a matter of some debate and so difficult to define it. But the ultimate or end nodes are different chemoreceptors for detecting salt and carbon dioxide concentrations in the blood. However, only a very small number of these can be called as separate senses.

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Sensorial perception is finite, as limited by our body capacities. Body capacities vary from person to person and also depending on many other personal factors such as age, sex, mood, past experiences, sequences of happenings, etc. Perception is cumulative and to an extent mutually compensative process. It also occurs as congregation of several effects. We may not be able to isolate few parts of it. Smell and taste often occur together.

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The sensory nodes have Four important characteristics that are they have specific Location, Capacity and Multiplicity and Duration. The Location provides directionality and encourages discrimination. The Capacity of body nodes to perceive is range bound which provides comfort, sense of survival. Beyond the range bound capacity the perception process gets transmitted to other modes allowing greater facilitation. The Multiplicities of nodes give a sense of scale and reference positions. The Duration gives a temporal scale. In other words The Location, Body capacities, Multiplicity and duration all together and individually endow a Geo-Spatial identity.

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There are abnormal sensorial perceptions also. These arise from the Location related misinterpretations, Physiological deficiencies, differentiated perception of multiple nodes and time related intensifications and diffusions.

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